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 010: Biological Anthropology & Dig in Sanisera

General Information

The Sanisera Field School offers an annual archaeology dig on the island of Menorca, off the coast of Spain. Since then it has organized courses for students who come from all over the world to study abroad and who are interested in Biological Anthropology, roman cities and classical archaeology.

This course is divided in two parts. In this way, students can learn and experiment in both archaeological digs, developed in the land site: Digging in the Roman city and Biological Anthropology in the tombs of Sanisera.


 

Part 1. Digging in Sanisera

In the area which is under archaeological excavation, an ecclesiastical complex has been found, which dates from the 4th and 6th centuries AD. It includes and Early Christian basilica. Rome adopted Christianity as its official religion in the 4th AD. From that time onwards, Christian basilicas started been built all over the Empire.

 

Participants will receive an intensive introduction to basic aspects of field excavation techniques following the Harris Matrix. In the laboratory students will learn to classify all the artifacts found on site, including Roman pottery, numismatics and faunal remains.

Time dedicated to this part of the program: 50%.

 

Part 2. Bioarchaeology in the Necropolis of Sanisera

Death in Rome has been studied in Sanisera since we started digging the first necropolis in 2008. So far we have excavated 72 tombs belonging to a Roman cemetery which could have been related to a basilica in the Roman city if Sanisera, which dates from the 4th and 6th centuries AD. The Osteology corpus in this necropolis includes more than 270 individuals.

The fieldwork focuses on funerary structures, specifically inhumation graves. Participants will learn and apply excavation techniques used in biological anthropology when excavating tombs. Students will also participate in lectures on skeletal anatomy and pathologies, classes, exercises and excursions related to the course material. In the laboratory participants will be instructed by an anthropologist and other archaeologists in the classification, study, and conservation of human remains and other related materials found.

Time dedicated to this part of the program: 50%.


Fieldwork in the Roman Necropolis

Fieldwork in the Roman Necropolis

Student analyzing human remains

Student excavating a vertebral column in the Necropolis

Student working with a vertebral column

Student excavating a vertebral column in the Necropolis

Fieldwork in the Roman city of Sanisera

 Fieldwork in the Roman city of Sanisera

Lab work: classifying roman pottery

Lab work: classifying roman pottery

Roman lamp with decoration. Late Antiquity from the city of Sanisera

Roman lamp with decoration. Late Antiquity from the city of Sanisera

 



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